Pakistan Horizon: Latest Abstracts

The Pakistan Horizon is the flagship journal of The Pakistan Institute of International Affairs (PIIA) which we have published continuously since 1948. Research at the PIIA is published either in monographs or in Pakistan Horizon, the quarterly journal of the Institute. The first issue was published in March 1948. Since then, it has been published without a break; it contains articles, speeches, surveys of Pakistan’s diplomatic relations, book reviews, chronologies of important events and documents. Notably, our respected journal is the oldest journal on International Relations in South Asia. Apart from adding to the learning on politics, Pakistan Horizon aims to combine rigorous analysis with a helpful approach to international issues. It thus features articles related to Pakistan’s foreign policy, regional and global issues, women’s concerns in international relations, IR theory, terrorism and security studies and emerging environmental concerns. The abstracts for all our latest articles from PAKISTAN HORIZON, Volume 72, Number 2, April 2019 are available below.

As part of its public diplomacy programme, PIIA arranges roundtable sessions, lectures and seminars on a regular basis. These sessions have been addressed by world leaders, scholars and academics including: Presidents Ayub Khan, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Pervez Musharraf; Prime Ministers Liaquat Ali Khan and Benazir Bhutto: Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan, President Habib Bouraqiba, Prince Karim Aga Khan, Madame Sun Yat SenSir Muhammad Zafrullah Khan, Henry Kissinger, Rauf Denktash, Justice Philip C. Jessup, Lord Clement Attlee, Prime Minister Sutan Sjahrir, Prime Minister SWRD Bandranaike, Professor Arnold Toynbee, Professor Andre Siegfried, Professor Y. V. Gangovsky, Michael Krepon, Walter Russell Mead, Professor Kishore Mahbubani, Professor Francis Robinson CBE (see here) and the unsurpassable Rajmohan Gandhi (see here).

The abstracts of our latest articles are as follows:

Constructivism: The Political Economy of Political Correctness in a Constructivist IR Zoo (Author – Hartmut Elsenhans).

  • Abstract – Constructivism reformulates long-standing results of the philosophy of knowledge and traditional historiography. The conflict between reformists and bolshewiki was on the causation of labour not opting for a revolutionary consciousness as expected. It led to a variety of adaptations, including the Frankfurt School, which formulated the then state of the art as constructivism. However, history has made contributions which constructivists do not consider sufficiently.

Understanding Pakistani Public Opinion on China and CPEC: A Quantitative Approach (Author – Khurram Iqbal).

  • Abstract – The paper focuses on the interpretation or perception of China and CPEC among the Pakistani public in real and virtual worlds. According to data collected in 2017, 55 per cent respondents termed China-Pakistan friendship as interest-based. Analysis of how this project is perceived on social media by various sections of the society will help in devising the practicality of this project for the two concerned nations.

A Nietzschean Perspective: Contextualizing National Socialism within Modernity (Author – Muhammad Daniyal Syed).

  • Abstract – Nazi ideology was not a singular lapse in intellectual thought that ultimately concluded in the most perverted form of mass slaughter. It was the culmination of a decadent movement that had engulfed the cultural and intellectual centres of modern Europe. The objective is to highlight aspects of Nazi ideology within a broader Euro-American context and debates about the relationship between Nazism, the Holocaust, and modernity. The paper analyses how Hitler shared Nietzsche’s critiques of modernity and Judeo-Christian worldviews and also ways in which he embraced scientific modernity, scientific racism and eugenics with an emphasis on deconstructing these ideas as German products.

Climate Change Displacement: More Serious Threat than Climate Change (Author – Asif Ali).

  • Abstract – Climate induced displacement is a massive threat to humanity. This paper shows that, while the impact of rising temperatures are gradual, climate-induced displacement has risen sharply. The paper discusses the challenges faced by developing countries in general and Bangladesh in particular. It also points out displacements in the developed countries with differences in magnitude and their capacity to deal with it.

USAID’s Social and Economic Impact in Pakistan and Afghanistan: Aid Withdrawal and Fallout (Author – Reumah Suhail).

  • Abstract – This paper focuses on US aid given to Pakistan and Afghanistan during the Global War on Terror, history of US aid to the Pak-Afghan region, the disbursement of US funds and their impact along with the rehabilitation task in Afghanistan. The paper analyses fiscal alternatives for Pakistan including China’s role, the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) as US aid withdrawal is announced. Lastly, measures for meaningful aid productivity are also suggested.

Some very great scholars have contributed to our journal over the decades. For example, U Tin Tut (said to be “the brightest Burmese officer of his generation” and the first Burmese to join the Indian Civil Service) contributed an article, entitled The Burmese Constitution, to Pakistan Horizon’s first ever issue in 1948.

The same year, prominent British businessman and ICS officer Sir Percival Joseph Griffiths contributed his marvellous exposition of Pakistan and British Business. The following year, in 1949, the weighty scholar of Middle Eastern economics and history Charles Issawi contributed his review of Recent Books on Middle East Economics. Later, in 1951, Sutan Sjahrir, the first Prime Minister of Indonesia, contributed his piece on (the then) Current Problems in Indonesia.

If you would like to contribute to our journal or are interested in a subscription, please email

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Filed under Climate Change, CPEC, Discussion, Pakistan, Pakistan Horizon, Politics

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